Apotheke, a word derived from greek legacy and still in use in European region, is also popularly known as Pharmacy.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of drugs. Pharmacy education in India has been industry and product oriented. To practice as a pharmacist in India, one needs at least a diploma in pharmacy (D.Pharm), which is awarded after only 2 years and 3 months of pharmacy studies.
Pharmacy Education in India:
The Pharmacy education and profession in India up to graduate level is regulated by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI), a statutory body governed by the provisions of the Pharmacy Act, 1948 passed by the Parliament. The Pharmacy Act 1948 was enacted on 4.3.48 with the following preamble- "An Act to regulate the profession of pharmacy. Whereas it is expedient to make better provision for the regulation of the profession and practice of pharmacy and for that purpose to constitute Pharmacy Councils". The PCI was constituted on 9.8.49 under section 3 of the Pharmacy Act.
Objective of PCI:
• Regulation of the Pharmacy Education in the Country for the purpose of registration as a pharmacist under the Pharmacy Act.
• Regulation of Profession and Practice of Pharmacy.
The following courses are available in India:
- Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm )
- Bachelor of pharmacy (B.Pharm)
- Master of pharmacy (MPharm)
- Master of science in pharmacy [MS(Pharm)
- Master of technology in pharmacy [MTech (Pharm)]
- Master of business in pharmacy [MBA (pharm)]
- Doctor of pharmacy (PharmD)
- Doctor of philosophy in pharmacy (PhD)